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Prostate Cancer


What is it?

Prostate cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the prostate that form a tumour.


In the early stages of prostate cancer there may be no symptoms, which is why many cases are not detected until it has metastasized. Symptoms can include:
  • Need to urinate frequently
  • Difficulty in starting or stopping urinating
  • Discomfort, pain or blood when urinating
  • Pain in the lower back, pelvis or upper thighs

Risk Factors

  • Being over 50
  • A family history of prostate cancer
  • Men with high levels of testosterone
  • Lifestyle factors such as a high fat, low fibre diet and obesity

Healthy Habits

You can lower your risk by:
  • Getting a check-up if there is a family history of prostate cancer from age 40
  • From age 50 onwards a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle

Research at the PA Hospital

The PA Hospital Campus is home to the multidisciplinary Australian Prostate Cancer Research Centre (APCRC-Q), one of only two centres dedicated to prostate cancer research in the Southern Hemisphere. Identifying whether a patients' condition is slow or fast spreading to determine the appropriate level of treatment, which will in turn reduce anxiety and any unnecessary treatments and associated side effects.

Identifying molecules that can be used as an indicator for prostate cancer with the aim to develop personalised effective cancer treatments and improved clinical diagnosis and treatment monitoring. Applying the understanding of the genetic make-up and hormonal composition to develop innovative drugs and therapies to treat and cure prostate cancer.


Better Health Channel
Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia
Mayo Clinic
Cancer Council